Regarding red spots, – whether they are congenital or have appeared with age or other reasons in later years – what we need to know is that they are capillaries that have dilated and sometimes tangled. Spots, commonly referred to as wine spots, and vascular anomalies with hemangioma, particularly occur in the facial area. These formations tend to grow and enlarge after giving birth.
Among the red spots, capillary dilatations, which appear in later years and appear as spider webs or massive redness, are much more common.
Either for wine stains, capillaries or hemangiomas that look like blood-filled sacks, today almost 100 percent positive results can be achieved by means of surgical or laser applications.
Why do capillaries become apparent?
The weakness of the capillary wall, loss of elasticity and circulatory disorder lie at the root of this problem, which the French call couperose and physicians call teleangectasis. Apart from hereditary factors; age, weight, alcohol and smoking, and some metabolic diseases and liver disorders are also amonng some of the factors. There may be an increase in capillaries on the nose following nasal operations.
Capillaries become more prominent when you instantaneously move from a warm environment to a cold one. This appearance emerges as the blood that fills the vein that expands with the heat, loses its elasticity when moved to a cold environment and is trapped inside the non-shrinkable vein. This vascular problem, which often appears on the face and legs, seems as a sign of aging and an aesthetic problem on the face.
Whatever the cause is, fighting against capillaries and red spots requires special attention and care. Birthmarks are the hardest and the most long-lasting ones to treat. Until recently, these spots, which were very difficult to treat and sometimes impossible, can now be treated by means of advanced laser technologies. The most effective way to remove red spots on the face is the laser treatment. However, choosing the right laser type is the most critical issue in terms of the direction and results of the treatment. Because all laser types are not compatible for this treatment. The correct selection of the laser type and the parameters to be used in the treatment by an experienced physician ensures successful results.
Which devices are used in treatment and how do they work?
Capillary problems and red spots can be removed by using certain laser types and IPL Intense Pulsed Laser beams that concentrate on hemoglobin, deform capillaries and allow them to be treated.
These laser types are;
- Long pulsed Nd: YAG laser
- Pulsed Dye laser
- KTP laser
How do lasers treat capillaries?
During the session, laser beam is shot directly into the capillaries. Results start appearing after the 4th or 5th sessions. Treatment of thin veins takes longer than thick veins. Treatment of capillaries on the nose may require longer sessions. Regarding people with widespread capillaries, using different laser types together or alternately provides a shorter treatment time and better results. Following the completion of the treatment, contuniuing the control sessions every 3 to 6 months prevents recurrence of the problem and provides better results.
How long does capillary therapy take?
The number of sessions and results vary depending on the type, thickness, location and cause of capillaries or spots. Laser treatment is usually organized as monthly sessions and continues on an average of 6-8 sessions depending on the color, size and type of the spot. After the 4th and 5th sessions following the initiation of the treatment, the color starts to get paler and with each new session, the color becomes paler gradually and eventually the spot disappears. Each session takes an average of 15-30 minutes.
In capillary and rosacea treatments, 1-3 sessions can be sufficient with an interval of 4-6 weeks, while the duration of treatment in wine stains are determined according to the patient’s age and the width of the area covered by the spot.
Is laser treatment of capillaries a painful process?
Mild pain may occasionally be felt during application. However, this is not an intolerable pain. Anesthetic creams can be applied to people with low pain thresholds before the session.
What are the side effects?
If the capillaries are wide-spread, a mild burning, edema and redness may occur. These usually dissapear until the next day. Scabs and bruising may occur after some laser types are used.
What should be done for post-treatment care?
When going outside after capillary treatment, sunscreen must be applied. In sunny weather, as well as high-factor protection, a wide-brimmed hat should be used and care should be taken to stay in the shade. It is necessary to avoid the solarium and showering with very hot water.